Vereyon.Web.HtmlSanitizer 1.8.0

dotnet add package Vereyon.Web.HtmlSanitizer --version 1.8.0
NuGet\Install-Package Vereyon.Web.HtmlSanitizer -Version 1.8.0
This command is intended to be used within the Package Manager Console in Visual Studio, as it uses the NuGet module's version of Install-Package.
<PackageReference Include="Vereyon.Web.HtmlSanitizer" Version="1.8.0" />
For projects that support PackageReference, copy this XML node into the project file to reference the package.
paket add Vereyon.Web.HtmlSanitizer --version 1.8.0
#r "nuget: Vereyon.Web.HtmlSanitizer, 1.8.0"
#r directive can be used in F# Interactive and Polyglot Notebooks. Copy this into the interactive tool or source code of the script to reference the package.
// Install Vereyon.Web.HtmlSanitizer as a Cake Addin
#addin nuget:?package=Vereyon.Web.HtmlSanitizer&version=1.8.0

// Install Vereyon.Web.HtmlSanitizer as a Cake Tool
#tool nuget:?package=Vereyon.Web.HtmlSanitizer&version=1.8.0


Nuget version

HtmlRuleSanitizer is a white list rule based HTML sanitizer built on top of the HTML Agility Pack. Use it to cleanup HTML and removing malicious content.

var sanitizer = HtmlSanitizer.SimpleHtml5Sanitizer();
string cleanHtml = sanitizer.Sanitize(dirtyHtml);

Without configuration HtmlRuleSanitizer will strip absolutely everything. This ensures that you are in control of what HTML is getting through. It was inspired by the client side parser of the wysihtml5 editor.

Use cases

HtmlRuleSanitizer was designed with the following use cases in mind:

  • Prevent cross-site scripting (XSS) attacks by removing javascript and other malicious HTML fragments.
  • Restrict HTML to simple markup in order to allow for easy transformation to other document types without having to deal with all possible HTML tags.
  • Enforce nofollow on links to discourage link spam.
  • Cleanup submitted HTML by removing empty tags for example.
  • Restrict HTML to a limited set of tags, for example in a comment system.


  • CSS class white listing
  • Empty tag removal
  • Tag white listing
  • Tag attribute and CSS class enforcement
  • Tag flattening to simplify document structure while maintaining content
  • Tag renaming
  • Attribute checks (e.g. URL validity) and white listing
  • Attribute quote normalization
  • A fluent style configuration interface
  • HTML entity encoding
  • Comment removal


Install the HtmlRuleSanitizer NuGet package. Optionally add the following using statement in the file where you intend to use HtmlRuleSanitizer:

using Vereyon.Web;

Basic usage

var sanitizer = HtmlSanitizer.SimpleHtml5Sanitizer();
string cleanHtml = sanitizer.Sanitize(dirtyHtml);

Note: the SimpleHtml5Sanitizer returns a rule set which does not allow for a full document definition. Use SimpleHtml5DocumentSanitizer

Sanitize a document

When dealing with full HTML documents including the html and body tags, use SimpleHtml5DocumentSanitizer:

var sanitizer = HtmlSanitizer.SimpleHtml5DocumentSanitizer();
string cleanHtml = sanitizer.Sanitize(dirtyHtml);


The code below demonstrates how to configure a rule set which only allows strong, i and a tags and which enforces the link tags to have a valid url, be no-follow and open in a new window. In addition, any b tag is renamed to strong because they more or less do the same anyway and b is deprecated. Any empty tags are removed to get rid of them. This would be a nice example for comment processing.

var sanitizer = new HtmlSanitizer();
sanitizer.Tag("a").SetAttribute("target", "_blank")
	.SetAttribute("rel", "nofollow")

string cleanHtml = sanitizer.Sanitize(dirtyHtml);

CSS class shitelisting

Global CSS class whitelisting is achieved as follows where CSS classes are space separated:

sanitizer.AllowCss("legal also-legal");

Custom attribute sanitization

Attribute sanitization can be peformed by implementing a custom IHtmlAttributeSanitizer. The code below illustrates a simple custom sanitizer which overrides the attribute value:

class CustomSanitizer : IHtmlAttributeSanitizer
    public SanitizerOperation SanitizeAttribute(HtmlAttribute attribute, HtmlSanitizerTagRule tagRule)
		// Override the attribute value and leave the attribute as be.
        attribute.Value = "123";
        return SanitizerOperation.DoNothing;

The custom sanitizer can then be assigned to the desired attributes as follows:

var sanitizer = new HtmlSanitizer();
var attributeSanitizer = new CustomSanitizer();
sanitizer.Tag("span").SanitizeAttributes("style", attributeSanitizer);

Custom element sanitization

Element sanitization can be performed by implement a customer IHtmlElementSanitizer, much like custom attribute sanitization. The code below illustrates a custom sanitizer which will remove span elements which contain the text "remove me":

var sanitizer = new HtmlSanitizer();
sanitizer.Tag("span").Sanitize(new CustomSanitizer(element =>
    return element.InnerText == "remove me"
        ? SanitizerOperation.RemoveTag
        : SanitizerOperation.DoNothing;


Contributions are welcome through a GitHub pull request.


dotnet restore


Got tests? Yes, see the tests project. It uses xUnit.

cd Web.HtmlSanitizer.Tests/
dotnet test

More information



Product Compatible and additional computed target framework versions.
.NET net5.0 was computed.  net5.0-windows was computed.  net6.0 is compatible.  net6.0-android was computed.  net6.0-ios was computed.  net6.0-maccatalyst was computed.  net6.0-macos was computed.  net6.0-tvos was computed.  net6.0-windows was computed.  net7.0 is compatible.  net7.0-android was computed.  net7.0-ios was computed.  net7.0-maccatalyst was computed.  net7.0-macos was computed.  net7.0-tvos was computed.  net7.0-windows was computed.  net8.0 was computed.  net8.0-android was computed.  net8.0-browser was computed.  net8.0-ios was computed.  net8.0-maccatalyst was computed.  net8.0-macos was computed.  net8.0-tvos was computed.  net8.0-windows was computed. 
.NET Core netcoreapp2.0 was computed.  netcoreapp2.1 was computed.  netcoreapp2.2 was computed.  netcoreapp3.0 was computed.  netcoreapp3.1 was computed. 
.NET Standard netstandard2.0 is compatible.  netstandard2.1 is compatible. 
.NET Framework net461 was computed.  net462 is compatible.  net463 was computed.  net47 was computed.  net471 was computed.  net472 was computed.  net48 is compatible.  net481 was computed. 
MonoAndroid monoandroid was computed. 
MonoMac monomac was computed. 
MonoTouch monotouch was computed. 
Tizen tizen40 was computed.  tizen60 was computed. 
Xamarin.iOS xamarinios was computed. 
Xamarin.Mac xamarinmac was computed. 
Xamarin.TVOS xamarintvos was computed. 
Xamarin.WatchOS xamarinwatchos was computed. 
Compatible target framework(s)
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Learn more about Target Frameworks and .NET Standard.

NuGet packages

This package is not used by any NuGet packages.

GitHub repositories (1)

Showing the top 1 popular GitHub repositories that depend on Vereyon.Web.HtmlSanitizer:

Repository Stars
The Open Source Computer Aided Dispatch (CAD), Personnel, Shift Management, Automatic Vehicle Location (AVL) and Emergency Management Platform that powers
Version Downloads Last updated
1.8.0 8,830 10/28/2023
1.7.1 11,276 8/6/2023
1.7.0 33,261 4/8/2023 258,198 2/6/2021
1.6.0 17,768 4/19/2020
1.6.0-beta1 394 3/29/2020
1.5.1 46,485 10/27/2019
1.5.0 28,098 12/26/2018
1.4.0 28,837 12/26/2017 76,672 9/26/2017
1.3.1 18,439 6/14/2017
1.3.0 3,355 1/15/2017
1.2.1 1,106 1/15/2017
1.2.0 5,039 8/15/2016
1.1.4 2,646 5/13/2016
1.1.3 7,871 1/15/2016
1.1.2 3,113 11/7/2015
1.1.1 1,932 7/8/2015
1.1.0 1,295 6/18/2015
1.0.0 1,556 5/3/2015

This release adds support for custom element sanitizers, implements attribute quote normalization and enables nullable references types to reduce the chances of NullReferenceExceptions.