NMaier.PlaneDB 0.11.1

dotnet add package NMaier.PlaneDB --version 0.11.1
NuGet\Install-Package NMaier.PlaneDB -Version 0.11.1
This command is intended to be used within the Package Manager Console in Visual Studio, as it uses the NuGet module's version of Install-Package.
<PackageReference Include="NMaier.PlaneDB" Version="0.11.1" />
For projects that support PackageReference, copy this XML node into the project file to reference the package.
paket add NMaier.PlaneDB --version 0.11.1
#r "nuget: NMaier.PlaneDB, 0.11.1"
#r directive can be used in F# Interactive and Polyglot Notebooks. Copy this into the interactive tool or source code of the script to reference the package.
// Install NMaier.PlaneDB as a Cake Addin
#addin nuget:?package=NMaier.PlaneDB&version=0.11.1

// Install NMaier.PlaneDB as a Cake Tool
#tool nuget:?package=NMaier.PlaneDB&version=0.11.1

Icon PlaneDB

Kinda like LevelDB, but in C#

.NET Core


PlaneDB is a key-value store or database written in pure C#. It uses a log structured merge tree approach, with a memory database with journal for recently changed keys, sorted string tables (sstable) in multiple levels for on disk storage, and a block based approach, allowing features such as on-disk data compression or encryption.

Aside from the key-value PlaneDB implementations (PlaneDB, TypedPlaneDB<TKey, TValue>, StringPlaneDB), there are PlaneSet implementations (PlaneSet, TypedPlaneSet<T>, StringPlaneSet) using the same underlying architecture, but optimized for storing sets.


  • General byte-array based key-value store (PlaneDB), and set (PlaneSet)
  • Typed key-value/set store using serializers (TypedPlaneDB, TypedPlaneSet) including a string stores (StringPlaneDB, StringPlaneSet)
  • Configurable on-disk compression, encryption. Uses my BlockStream library, which comes with lz4 compression and a ChaCha20-Poly1305 cipher/mac implementation.
  • Customizable byte-array comparer.
  • Thread-safety (and Task-safety) by default.
  • Crash resilience using read-only/write-once tables and a journal for the most recent changes. By default the journal is flushed either once every 2 seconds, or whenever a certain amount of write operations were performed to conserve disk writes, meaning the last few operations may be lost upon unclean shutdown, but this can be configured to flush upon each write .MakeFullySync()/.FLushJournalAfterNumerOfWrite(...).
  • Automatic bloom filters to avoid useless reads, using xxHash hashes.
  • API interface implementing IDictionary<> and various ConcurrentDictionary methods.
  • API interface implementing ISet<> and various additional methods.
  • Multiple stores (table spaces) in a single directory.
  • Data (sstable) files, once written, are read-only. Additional data is always stored in new files (after first collected in a memory table), which maybe be merged together into yet new files (higher levels).


var location = new DirectoryInfo(".");
var options = new PlaneDBOptions().EnableCompression().MakeFullySync();
using (var db = new StringPlaneDB(location, FileMode.CreateNew, options) {
  db["abc"] = "def"; // Direct set
  db.AddOrUpdate("abc", "ghi", (_, __) => "jkl"); // Will call the update function
  db.TryAdd("abc", "mno"); // Ignored

using (var db = new StringPlaneDB(location, FileMode.OpenOrCreate, options) {
  Console.WriteLine($"abc={db["abc"]}"); // abc=jkl

Word of advise: Do not excessively use .Count/.Keys/.Values, as these properties need to perform a full iteration over the entire data set.


Hmmm... good enough? In my unscientific synthetic benchmarks the performance is comparable to that of LevelDB, with wallclock times between 0.4x - 2.0x compared to RocksDB(Sharp), depending on workload and configuration.


  • No support for column families or such (yet)
  • Keys and values have to fit into your memory. Not at the same time, but whenever they are read. While large keys values up to 2GB each are supported in theory, in practise you're bound by memory and also this has been untested.

File Structure

  • LOCK - To ensure exclusivity. Always empty.
  • MANIFEST - Stores information about what sstable files belong to what level and the generation counter
  • JOURNAL - Recovery information in case of unclean shutdowns.
  • ### - readonly sstable files storing the actual key and value data, as well as pre-computed bloom filters.


Beta-grade software. I have been dogfooding the code for a while in various internal applications of mine (none business-critical), with millions of records, along with the test suite.

Product Compatible and additional computed target framework versions.
.NET net5.0 is compatible.  net5.0-windows was computed.  net6.0 was computed.  net6.0-android was computed.  net6.0-ios was computed.  net6.0-maccatalyst was computed.  net6.0-macos was computed.  net6.0-tvos was computed.  net6.0-windows was computed.  net7.0 was computed.  net7.0-android was computed.  net7.0-ios was computed.  net7.0-maccatalyst was computed.  net7.0-macos was computed.  net7.0-tvos was computed.  net7.0-windows was computed.  net8.0 was computed.  net8.0-android was computed.  net8.0-browser was computed.  net8.0-ios was computed.  net8.0-maccatalyst was computed.  net8.0-macos was computed.  net8.0-tvos was computed.  net8.0-windows was computed. 
.NET Core netcoreapp3.0 was computed.  netcoreapp3.1 was computed. 
.NET Standard netstandard2.1 is compatible. 
.NET Framework net48 is compatible.  net481 was computed. 
MonoAndroid monoandroid was computed. 
MonoMac monomac was computed. 
MonoTouch monotouch was computed. 
Tizen tizen60 was computed. 
Xamarin.iOS xamarinios was computed. 
Xamarin.Mac xamarinmac was computed. 
Xamarin.TVOS xamarintvos was computed. 
Xamarin.WatchOS xamarinwatchos was computed. 
Compatible target framework(s)
Included target framework(s) (in package)
Learn more about Target Frameworks and .NET Standard.

NuGet packages

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Version Downloads Last updated
0.11.1 543 7/9/2020
0.10.1 443 5/3/2020