FastCache.Cached 1.2.1

There is a newer version of this package available.
See the version list below for details.
dotnet add package FastCache.Cached --version 1.2.1                
NuGet\Install-Package FastCache.Cached -Version 1.2.1                
This command is intended to be used within the Package Manager Console in Visual Studio, as it uses the NuGet module's version of Install-Package.
<PackageReference Include="FastCache.Cached" Version="1.2.1" />                
For projects that support PackageReference, copy this XML node into the project file to reference the package.
paket add FastCache.Cached --version 1.2.1                
#r "nuget: FastCache.Cached, 1.2.1"                
#r directive can be used in F# Interactive and Polyglot Notebooks. Copy this into the interactive tool or source code of the script to reference the package.
// Install FastCache.Cached as a Cake Addin
#addin nuget:?package=FastCache.Cached&version=1.2.1

// Install FastCache.Cached as a Cake Tool
#tool nuget:?package=FastCache.Cached&version=1.2.1                

FastCache.Cached

CI/CD nuget

High-performance, thread-safe and easy to use cache for items with set expiration time.

Optimized for both dozens and millions of items. Features lock-free reads and writes, allocation-free reads, low memory footprint per item and automatic eviction.

Credit to Vladimir Sadov for his implementation of NonBlocking.ConcurrentDictionary which is used as an underlying store.

Quick start

dotnet add package FastCache.Cached or Install-Package FastCache.Cached

Get cached value or save a new one with expiration of 60 minutes

public FinancialReport GetReport(int month, int year)
{
  if (Cached<FinancialReport>.TryGet(month, year, out var cached))
  {
    return cached.Value;
  }

  var report = // Expensive computation: retrieve data and calculate report

  return cached.Save(report, TimeSpan.FromMinutes(60));
}

Wrap and cache the result of a regular method call

var report = Cached.GetOrCompute(month, year, GetReport, TimeSpan.FromMinutes(60));

Or an async one

// For methods that return Task<T> or ValueTask<T>
var report = await Cached.GetOrCompute(month, year, GetReportAsync, TimeSpan.FromMinutes(60));

Save the value to cache but only if the cache size is below limit

public FinancialReport GetReport(int month, int year)
{
  if (Cached<FinancialReport>.TryGet(month, year, out var cached))
  {
    return cached.Value;
  }

  return cached.Save(report, TimeSpan.FromMinutes(60), limit: 2_500_000);
}
// GetOrCompute with maximum cache size limit.
// RAM is usually plenty but what if the user runs Chrome?
var report = Cached.GetOrCompute(month, year, GetReport, TimeSpan.FromMinutes(60), limit: 2_500_000);

Add new data without accessing cache item first (e.g. loading a large batch of independent values to cache)

using FastCache.Extensions;
...
foreach (var ((month, year), report) in reportsResultBatch)
{
  report.Cache(month, year, TimeSpan.FromMinutes(60));
}

Store common type (string) in a shared cache store (other users may share the cache for the same parameter type, this time it's int)

// GetOrCompute<...V> where V is string.
// To save some other string for the same 'int' number simultaneously, look at the option below :)
var userNote = Cached.GetOrCompute(userId, GetUserNoteString, TimeSpan.FromMinutes(5));

Or in a separate one by using value object (Recommended)

readonly record struct UserNote(string Value);

// GetOrCompute<...V> where V is UserNote
var userNote = Cached.GetOrCompute(userId, GetUserNote, TimeSpan.FromMinutes(5));
// This is how it looks for TryGet
if (Cached<UserNote>.TryGet(userId, out var cached))
{
  return cached.Value;
}
...
return cached.Save(userNote, TimeSpan.FromMinutes(5));

Features and design philosophy

  • In-memory cache for items with expiration time and automatic eviction
  • Little to no ceremony - no need to configure or initialize, just add the package and you are ready to go. Behavior can be further customized via env variables
  • Focused design allows to reduce memory footprint per item and minimize overhead via inlining and static dispatch
  • High performance and scaling covering both simplest applications and highly loaded services. Can handle 1-100M+ items with O(1) read/write time and up to O(n~) memory cost/cpu time cost for full eviction
  • Lock-free and wait-free reads/writes of cached items. Performance will improve with threads, data synchronization cost is minimal thanks to NonBlocking.ConcurrentDictionary
  • Multi-key store access without collisions between key types. Collisions are avoided by statically dispatching on the composite key type signature e.g. (string, CustomEnum, int) together with the type of cached value - composite keys are structurally evaluated for equality, different combinations will correspond to different cache items
  • Handles timezone/DST updates on most platforms by relying on system uptime timestamp for item expiration - Environment.TickCount64 which is also significantly faster than DateTime.UtcNow

Access / Store latency and cost at throughput saturation

BenchmarkDotNet=v0.13.1, OS=Windows 10.0.22000
AMD Ryzen 7 5800X, 1 CPU, 16 logical and 8 physical cores
.NET 6.0.5 (6.0.522.21309), X64 RyuJIT
Method Mean Error StdDev Gen 0 Gen 1 Allocated
Get: FastCache.Cached 15.92 ns 0.367 ns 0.941 ns - - -
Get: MemoryCache 58.93 ns 1.207 ns 1.239 ns - - -
Get: CacheManager 167.03 ns 3.395 ns 9.002 ns 0.0105 - 176 B
Get: LazyCache 74.46 ns 1.510 ns 2.214 ns - - -
Add/Upd: FC.Cached 34.57 ns 0.920 ns 2.711 ns 0.0024 - 40 B
Add/Upd: MemoryCache 206.15 ns 4.127 ns 8.049 ns 0.0134 - 224 B
Add/Upd: CacheManager 1,052.22 ns 20.926 ns 27.209 ns 0.0744 - 1,248 B
Add/Upd: LazyCache 281.60 ns 3.984 ns 3.532 ns 0.0286 - 480 B

Notes

  • FastCache.Cached add and update operations are represented by single cached.Save(param1...param7, expiration) which will either add or replace existing value updating its expiration
  • Comparison was made with a string-based key. Composite keys supported by FastCache.Cached have significant performance cost if they have reference types which incurs 30-40ns extra cpu cost per each reference typed param
  • CacheManager library provides methods with highly inconsistent performance and allocation characteristics. The method for it was chosen on the basis of closest functionality to 'non-throwing add or update'
  • Overall performance stays relatively comparable when downgrading to .NET 5 and decreases further by 15-30% when using .NET Core 3.1 with the difference ratio between libraries staying close to provided above
  • Non-standard platforms (the ones that aren't CLR based) use DateTime.UtcNow fallback instead of Environment.TickCount64, which will perform slower depending on the platform-specific implementation

On benchmark data

Throughput saturation means that all necessary data structures are fully available in the CPU cache and branch predictor has learned branch patters of the executed code. This is only possible in scenarios such as items being retrieved or added/updated in a tight loop or very frequently on the same cores. This means that real world performance will not saturate maximum throughput and will be bottlenecked by memory access latency and branch misprediction stalls. As a result, you can expect resulting performance variance of 1-10x min latency depending on hardware and outside factors.

Product Compatible and additional computed target framework versions.
.NET net5.0 is compatible.  net5.0-windows was computed.  net6.0 is compatible.  net6.0-android was computed.  net6.0-ios was computed.  net6.0-maccatalyst was computed.  net6.0-macos was computed.  net6.0-tvos was computed.  net6.0-windows was computed.  net7.0 is compatible.  net7.0-android was computed.  net7.0-ios was computed.  net7.0-maccatalyst was computed.  net7.0-macos was computed.  net7.0-tvos was computed.  net7.0-windows was computed.  net8.0 was computed.  net8.0-android was computed.  net8.0-browser was computed.  net8.0-ios was computed.  net8.0-maccatalyst was computed.  net8.0-macos was computed.  net8.0-tvos was computed.  net8.0-windows was computed. 
.NET Core netcoreapp3.0 was computed.  netcoreapp3.1 is compatible. 
.NET Standard netstandard2.1 is compatible. 
MonoAndroid monoandroid was computed. 
MonoMac monomac was computed. 
MonoTouch monotouch was computed. 
Tizen tizen60 was computed. 
Xamarin.iOS xamarinios was computed. 
Xamarin.Mac xamarinmac was computed. 
Xamarin.TVOS xamarintvos was computed. 
Xamarin.WatchOS xamarinwatchos was computed. 
Compatible target framework(s)
Included target framework(s) (in package)
Learn more about Target Frameworks and .NET Standard.

NuGet packages

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Version Downloads Last updated
1.8.2 23,898 1/16/2024
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