With 6.0.0

Extensions to make c# easier to use when doing functional code. Copy update expressions. Helper extensions.

Install-Package With -Version 6.0.0
dotnet add package With --version 6.0.0
<PackageReference Include="With" Version="6.0.0" />
For projects that support PackageReference, copy this XML node into the project file to reference the package.
paket add With --version 6.0.0
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with

With is a small library written in c# intended for alternative constructions in c# to do things that may look clumsy in regular code.

Why is this library small? Parts of the library has been removed as c# has evolved (and my understanding of what can be useful in c#).

What can we learn from "With"

Having access to expressions can help with doing extensions to a language in a relatively simple way.

Examples

Working with immutable data

If you need to get a copy of a readonly object but with some other value set in the new instance, you can use With. This is very similar to f# copy and update record expression. The main abstraction is called a lens. Lenses answers the question "How do you read and update immutable data". It may help to think about them as properties for immutable data that you can combine and compose. For further reading see the Basic lens operation part of the wiki

Simplest example
using With;
using With.Lenses;
...
public class CustomerNameChangeHandler
{
    // start with initializing the lens expression once (main cost is around parsing expressions)
    private static readonly DataLens<Customer, string> NameLens =
        LensBuilder<Customer>
            .Of(m => m.Name)
            .Build();
    public void Handle()
    {
        // fetch customer, say:
        var customer = new Customer(id:1, name:"Johan Testsson");
        // get a new instance of that customer but with changed name:
        var changedNameToErik = CustomerNameLens.Set(customer, "Erik Testsson");
        // ...
    }
}
Settings several properties at the same time
using System;
using With;
using With.Lenses;
...
public class CustomerChangeHandler
{
    // start with initializing the lens expression once (main cost is around parsing expressions)
    private static readonly DataLens<Customer, (int, string, IEnumerable<string>)> CustomerIdNamePreferencesLens =
        LensBuilder<Customer>
            .Of(m => m.Id)
            .And(m => m.Name)
            .And(m => m.Preferences)
            .Build();
    public void Handle()
    {
        // fetch customer, say:
        var customer = new Customer(id:1, name:"Johan Testsson");
        // get a new instance of that customer but with id, name and preferences changed:
        var change = CustomerIdNamePreferencesLens.Set(customer, (NextId(), "Erik Testsson", new []{"Swedish fish"}) );
        // ...
    }
}

Why shouldn't you use this library

The immutable data support in this library is done as an extensions to the language using the expression support in c#. A different way to add these things to c# would be to write some sort of roslyn extension in order to extend the language in a way that can be generated at compile time. This is done for instance in language ext codegen project. An approach such as that could be useful depending on your requirements.

On the .net platform there is already a language that allows you to write immutable first code in a terse and helpful way, f#, you can find out more on: f# for fun and profit. Many programmers prefer to work in c#/java why this library or codegen makes more sense.

with

With is a small library written in c# intended for alternative constructions in c# to do things that may look clumsy in regular code.

Why is this library small? Parts of the library has been removed as c# has evolved (and my understanding of what can be useful in c#).

What can we learn from "With"

Having access to expressions can help with doing extensions to a language in a relatively simple way.

Examples

Working with immutable data

If you need to get a copy of a readonly object but with some other value set in the new instance, you can use With. This is very similar to f# copy and update record expression. The main abstraction is called a lens. Lenses answers the question "How do you read and update immutable data". It may help to think about them as properties for immutable data that you can combine and compose. For further reading see the Basic lens operation part of the wiki

Simplest example
using With;
using With.Lenses;
...
public class CustomerNameChangeHandler
{
    // start with initializing the lens expression once (main cost is around parsing expressions)
    private static readonly DataLens<Customer, string> NameLens =
        LensBuilder<Customer>
            .Of(m => m.Name)
            .Build();
    public void Handle()
    {
        // fetch customer, say:
        var customer = new Customer(id:1, name:"Johan Testsson");
        // get a new instance of that customer but with changed name:
        var changedNameToErik = CustomerNameLens.Set(customer, "Erik Testsson");
        // ...
    }
}
Settings several properties at the same time
using System;
using With;
using With.Lenses;
...
public class CustomerChangeHandler
{
    // start with initializing the lens expression once (main cost is around parsing expressions)
    private static readonly DataLens<Customer, (int, string, IEnumerable<string>)> CustomerIdNamePreferencesLens =
        LensBuilder<Customer>
            .Of(m => m.Id)
            .And(m => m.Name)
            .And(m => m.Preferences)
            .Build();
    public void Handle()
    {
        // fetch customer, say:
        var customer = new Customer(id:1, name:"Johan Testsson");
        // get a new instance of that customer but with id, name and preferences changed:
        var change = CustomerIdNamePreferencesLens.Set(customer, (NextId(), "Erik Testsson", new []{"Swedish fish"}) );
        // ...
    }
}

Why shouldn't you use this library

The immutable data support in this library is done as an extensions to the language using the expression support in c#. A different way to add these things to c# would be to write some sort of roslyn extension in order to extend the language in a way that can be generated at compile time. This is done for instance in language ext codegen project. An approach such as that could be useful depending on your requirements.

On the .net platform there is already a language that allows you to write immutable first code in a terse and helpful way, f#, you can find out more on: f# for fun and profit. Many programmers prefer to work in c#/java why this library or codegen makes more sense.

Release Notes

Trimmed down to what should be essential.

This package is not used by any popular GitHub repositories.

Version History

Version Downloads Last updated
6.0.0 86 12/25/2019
6.0.0-alpha-1 85 12/22/2019
5.1.4 99 12/22/2019
5.1.3 117 12/15/2019
5.1.2 108 11/22/2019
5.1.1 67 11/17/2019
5.1.0 51 11/16/2019
5.1.0-alpha-2 47 11/15/2019
5.1.0-alpha-1 45 11/13/2019
5.0.2 528 8/23/2018
5.0.1 235 8/23/2018
5.0.0 222 8/21/2018
4.3.1 563 4/11/2018
4.3.0 527 11/8/2017
4.2.0 264 11/2/2017
4.1.2 274 11/1/2017
4.1.1 271 10/3/2017
4.1.0 257 10/3/2017
4.0.0 285 9/18/2017
3.0.0 577 9/29/2016
2.0.0 489 6/11/2016
1.0.8 826 2/1/2016
1.0.7 421 10/12/2015
1.0.6 485 9/26/2015
1.0.5 373 9/25/2015
1.0.3 413 9/25/2015
1.0.2 400 9/24/2015
1.0.1 410 9/24/2015
1.0.0 440 9/18/2015
0.4.19 397 9/9/2015
0.4.18 424 8/19/2015
0.4.17 450 6/27/2015
0.4.16 499 3/22/2015
0.4.15 368 3/22/2015
0.4.14 375 3/21/2015
0.4.13 359 3/20/2015
0.4.12 358 3/20/2015
0.4.11 371 3/18/2015
0.4.10 353 3/18/2015
0.4.9 366 3/18/2015
0.4.8 372 3/12/2015
0.4.7 381 3/11/2015
0.4.6 398 3/11/2015
0.4.5 379 3/11/2015
0.4.4 383 3/10/2015
0.4.3 482 1/6/2015
0.4.2 758 12/19/2014
0.4.1 400 12/18/2014
0.4.0 393 12/18/2014
0.3.0 388 12/8/2014
0.2.0 744 11/16/2014
0.1.1 1,111 11/8/2014
0.1.0 797 11/6/2014
0.0.6 869 11/5/2014
0.0.5 646 11/3/2014
0.0.4 1,192 11/2/2014
0.0.3 504 10/20/2013
0.0.2 465 10/18/2013
0.0.1 412 10/17/2013