HSG.Numerics 1.0.4

dotnet add package HSG.Numerics --version 1.0.4
NuGet\Install-Package HSG.Numerics -Version 1.0.4
This command is intended to be used within the Package Manager Console in Visual Studio, as it uses the NuGet module's version of Install-Package.
<PackageReference Include="HSG.Numerics" Version="1.0.4" />
For projects that support PackageReference, copy this XML node into the project file to reference the package.
paket add HSG.Numerics --version 1.0.4
#r "nuget: HSG.Numerics, 1.0.4"
#r directive can be used in F# Interactive and Polyglot Notebooks. Copy this into the interactive tool or source code of the script to reference the package.
// Install HSG.Numerics as a Cake Addin
#addin nuget:?package=HSG.Numerics&version=1.0.4

// Install HSG.Numerics as a Cake Tool
#tool nuget:?package=HSG.Numerics&version=1.0.4

HSG.Numerics

HSG.Numerics provides a solver for a system of nonlinear and linear equations with 'n' unknowns. It is inspired by the fsolve function of SciPy and MATLAB, and can be called from all .Net languages (F#, C#, VB).

Motivation and Background

  • SciPy/Python and MATLAB have a function called fsolve to solve a sytem of nonlinear equations. It is based on MINPACK.

  • HSG.Numerics provides a similar fsolve function using the C implementation of fsolve by John Burkardt, which is also based on MINPACK.

  • This function can be called by all the .Net languages: F#, C#, and VB.

Version notice

Starting version 1.0.4 and above the names of the following functions have been changed.

  • Fsolve.ExtractArrayFromPointer is now called Fsolve.MakeArray
  • Fsolve.CopyArrayToPointer is now called Fsolve.CopyArray

Installation

Use nuget to install.

dotnet add package HSG.Numerics

OR

In Visual Studio right click on project in Solution Explorer and in the menu that appears click on 'Manage NuGet Packages'. Then 'browse' to find HSG.Numerics and install it.

Compatibility

  • The dlls were compiled for .Net 6 on Windows 10. But they should likely work on Windows 11.

  • Library has not been checked for other Operating Systems.

  • fsharp.core with version number at least 8.0.100 is required (because dlls were compiled with this version).

Known issues

When the library is included in an interactive script file for F# as follows:

#r "nuget: HSG.Numerics, 1.0.3" (any version)

an error gets raised that reads "bad cli header, rva 0".

The library must be added into a .fs file in a "non interactive" manner and compiled.

Examples

One example is given below for F#, C# and VB. More can be found at project github repo HSG.Numerics

F#

open System
open HSG.Numerics
[<EntryPoint>]
let main argv =
    let Tolerance = 1e-10 // tolerance for all test cases
    // ============================================
    // ....... TEST 4 .............................
    // ....... Non Linear System ..................
    // ....... Unknown variables = 9 ..............
    // ============================================
    //
    // This is an example from original MINPACK User Guide
    //
    // Equations:
    //
    // This is a tri-diagonal matrix
    //
    // (3 – 2*x(0)) * x(0)                     -2*x(1)                             = -1
    //             -x(i-1)      +      (3-2*x(i))*x(i)                   -2*x(i+1) = -1, i=1,7
    //                                           -x(7)      +      (3-2*x(8))*x(8) = -1
    //
    // Original solution from User Guide:
    // 
    // Solutions:
    // -0.5706545      -0.6816283      -0.7017325
    // -0.7042129      -0.7013690      -0.6918656
    // -0.6657920      -0.5960342      -0.4164121
   
    // STEP 1: 
    // Define the callback function for this system
    let funcToSolve4 (n:int) (x: IntPtr) (fx: IntPtr) =  // This is the function signature
        let x1 = Fsolve.MakeArray n x      // Make an array for 'x' values from its Pointer
        let fx1 = Fsolve.MakeArray n fx    // Make an array for 'fx' equation/function values from its Pointer                   
        for k = 0 to n-1 do                              // Write equations/functions as f(x) = 0
            let temp = (3.0 - 2.0*x1[k])*x1[k]
            let temp1 = if k <> 0 then x1[k - 1] else 0.0
            let temp2 = if k <> n-1 then x1[k + 1] else 0.0
            fx1[k] <- temp - temp1 - 2.0*temp2 + 1.0
        Fsolve.CopyArray n fx1 fx               // Copy fx array values to fx Pointer
        ()                                      // Returns equivalent of void in 'C'
    
    // STEP 2:
    // Solve the function
    let func4 = Fsolve.FunctionToSolve (funcToSolve4)      // Wrap function so it can be called
    let unknownVariables4 = 9                              // Give number of variables 
    let xGuess4:double array = Array.zeroCreate 9          // Give a guess value
    let solveResult4 = Fsolve.Fsolver(func4, unknownVariables4, xGuess4, Tolerance) // Call solver
    let (soln4, fx4, solutionCode4) = solveResult4        // Returns solution:
    // soln4 = Array containing solution
    // fx4 = Values of equations at soln4 (should be close to zero within Tolerance)
    // solutionCode4 = String providing information on exit code
    Fsolve.PrintArray "xSolution" soln4 7                  // Prints the solution to '7' decimals

    0

C#

 using HSG.Numerics;

namespace FsolveTester
{
    class Tester
    {
        static void Main(string[] args)
        {
            double Tolerance = 1e-10; // tolerance for all test cases

            // ============================================
            // ....... TEST 4 .............................
            // ....... Non Linear System ..................
            // ....... Unknown variables = 9 ..............
            // ============================================
            //
            // This is an example from original MINPACK User Guide
            //
            // Equations:
            //
            // This is a tri-diagonal matrix
            //
            // (3 – 2*x(0)) * x(0)                     -2*x(1)                             = -1
            //             -x(i-1)      +      (3-2*x(i))*x(i)                   -2*x(i+1) = -1, i=1,7
            //                                           -x(7)      +      (3-2*x(8))*x(8) = -1
            //
            // Original solution from User Guide:
            // 
            // Solutions:
            // -0.5706545      -0.6816283      -0.7017325
            // -0.7042129      -0.7013690      -0.6918656
            // -0.6657920      -0.5960342      -0.4164121

            // STEP 1: 
            // Define the callback function for this system
            static void funcToSolve4(int n, IntPtr x, IntPtr fx)      // This is the function signature
            {
                double[] x1 = Fsolve.MakeArray(n, x);   // Make an array for 'x' values from its Pointer
                double[] fx1 = Fsolve.MakeArray(n, fx); // Make an array for 'fx' equation/function values from its Pointer
                for (int k = 0; k < n; k++)                           // Write equations/functions as f(x) = 0
                {
                    double temp = (3.0 - 2.0 * x1[k]) * x1[k];
                    double temp1 = k != 0 ? x1[k - 1] : 0.0;
                    double temp2 = k != n - 1 ? x1[k + 1] : 0.0;
                    fx1[k] = temp - temp1 - 2.0 * temp2 + 1.0;
                }
                Fsolve.CopyArray(n, fx1, fx);                // Copy fx1 array values to fx Pointer
            }
            // STEP 2:
            // Solve the function
            Fsolve.FunctionToSolve func4 = new(funcToSolve4);        // Wrap function so it can be called
            int unknownVariables4 = 9;                               // Give number of variables
            double[] xGuess4 = { 0.0, 0.0, 0.0, 0.0, 0.0, 0.0, 0.0, 0.0, 0.0 };  // Give a guess value
            (double[] soln4, double[] fx4, string solutionCode4) = Fsolve.Fsolver(func4, unknownVariables4, xGuess4, Tolerance); // Call solver
            // Returns solution:
            // soln4 = Array containing solution
            // fx4 = Values of equations at soln4 (should be close to zero within Tolerance)
            // solutionCode4 = String providing information on exit code
            Fsolve.PrintArray("xSolution", soln4, 7);                // Prints the solution to '7' decimals
        }
    }
}

VB

Imports HSG.Numerics
Module FsolveTester

    Sub Main()

        Dim Tolerance As Double = 0.0000000001 ' Tolerance for all test cases

       
        ' Solve function 4
        ' ----------------
        Dim func4 As New Fsolve.FunctionToSolve(AddressOf funcToSolve4) ' Wrap function so it can be called
        Dim unknownVariables4 As Integer = 9                            ' Give number of variables 
        Dim xGuess4() = {0.0, 0.0, 0.0, 0.0, 0.0, 0.0, 0.0, 0.0, 0.0}   ' Give a guess value
        Dim solveResult4 = Fsolve.Fsolver(func4, unknownVariables4, xGuess4, Tolerance) ' Call solver
        ' Returns solution:
        ' soln4 = Array containing solution
        ' fx4 = Values of equations at soln4 (should be close to zero within Tolerance)
        ' solutionCode4 = String providing information on exit code
        Fsolve.PrintArray("x", solveResult4.Item1, 7)

    End Sub
    
    
    ' ============================================
    ' ....... TEST 4 .............................
    ' ....... Non Linear System ..................
    ' ....... Unknown variables = 9 ..............
    ' ============================================
    '
    ' This is an example from original MINPACK User Guide
    '
    ' Equations:
    '
    ' This is a tri-diagonal matrix
    '
    ' (3 – 2*x(0)) * x(0)                     -2*x(1)                             = -1
    '             -x(i-1)      +      (3-2*x(i))*x(i)                   -2*x(i+1) = -1, i=1,7
    '                                           -x(7)      +      (3-2*x(8))*x(8) = -1
    '
    ' Original solution from User Guide:
    ' 
    ' Solutions:
    ' -0.5706545      -0.6816283      -0.7017325
    ' -0.7042129      -0.7013690      -0.6918656
    ' -0.6657920      -0.5960342      -0.4164121
    Sub funcToSolve4(n As Integer, x As IntPtr, fx As IntPtr)           ' This is the function signature
        Dim x1() As Double = Fsolve.MakeArray(n, x)       ' Make an array for 'x' values from its Pointer
        Dim fx1() As Double = Fsolve.MakeArray(n, fx)     ' Make an array for 'fx' equation/function values from its Pointer
        For k As Integer = 0 To n - 1                                   ' Write equations/functions as f(x) = 0
            Dim temp As Double = (3.0 - 2.0 * x1(k)) * x1(k)
            Dim temp1 As Double = If((k <> 0), x1(k - 1), 0.0)
            Dim temp2 As Double = If((k <> n - 1), x1(k + 1), 0.0)
            fx1(k) = temp - temp1 - 2.0 * temp2 + 1.0
        Next
        Fsolve.CopyArray(n, fx1, fx)                           ' Copy fx array values to fx Pointer
    End Sub

End Module

License

MIT

References

  1. MINPACK-1
  2. John Burkardt - fsolve
  3. .NET 2.0 Interoperability Recipes: A Problem-Solution Approach (Expert's Voice in .NET) by Bruce Bukovics ( ISBN-13 : 978-1590596692 )
Product Compatible and additional computed target framework versions.
.NET net6.0 is compatible.  net6.0-android was computed.  net6.0-ios was computed.  net6.0-maccatalyst was computed.  net6.0-macos was computed.  net6.0-tvos was computed.  net6.0-windows was computed.  net7.0 was computed.  net7.0-android was computed.  net7.0-ios was computed.  net7.0-maccatalyst was computed.  net7.0-macos was computed.  net7.0-tvos was computed.  net7.0-windows was computed.  net8.0 was computed.  net8.0-android was computed.  net8.0-browser was computed.  net8.0-ios was computed.  net8.0-maccatalyst was computed.  net8.0-macos was computed.  net8.0-tvos was computed.  net8.0-windows was computed. 
Compatible target framework(s)
Included target framework(s) (in package)
Learn more about Target Frameworks and .NET Standard.

NuGet packages

This package is not used by any NuGet packages.

GitHub repositories

This package is not used by any popular GitHub repositories.

Version Downloads Last updated
1.0.4 245 11/25/2023
1.0.3 114 11/20/2023
1.0.2 87 11/18/2023
1.0.1 102 11/18/2023
1.0.0 110 11/18/2023

Simplified names of functions.