Consoleable 6.0.0

dotnet new install Consoleable::6.0.0
This package contains a .NET Template Package you can call from the shell/command line.

Consoleable

A slightly-opinionated dotnet new template for a component classlib which also runs from the commandline. The opinions are that logging, configuration and testing are good things, but should each be opt-in and should then work out of the box.

How to install & uninstall templates from NuGet

dotnet new --install Consoleable #finds the Consoleable templates on NuGet
dotnet new consoleable --help
#example: dotnet new consoleable --xunit --sln ; dotnet test ; dotnet run'
dotnet new -u Consoleable
Or, install & uninstall locally and edit to taste
git clone https://github.com/chrisfcarroll/Consoleable
dotnet new -i ./Consoleable/Templates
dotnet new consoleable --help
# … do some editing … then re-install just by installing the directory again:
dotnet new -u ./Consoleable/Templates
dotnet new -i ./Consoleable/Templates

dotnet new -u with no path will neatly tell you the exact command to uninstall any template.

Usage once installed

dotnet new consoleable [--name MyName] [--xunit] [--nunit] [--sln] [--serilog] [--testbase] [--netstandard2]
# --xunit : also generate a skeleton xunit test project for the new project
# --nunit : also generate a skeleton nunit test project for the new project
# --sln : also generate a solution file referencing the new project(s). 
# --serilog : use Serilog for logging
# --testbase : use TestBase fluent assertions in your tests
# --net5 | --netstandard2 : generate a net5/netstandard2 instead of net6.
Long Example
dotnet new consoleable --name Freddie --xunit --testbase --sln --serilog ; cd Freddie && dotnet test ; cd Freddie ; dotnet run
Gotchas
# • For `dotnet test` to work from the top-level directory there has to be a solution file, either
# your own or generated with --sln option. Otherwise, cd into the test project.
# • Using --netstandard2 generates a classlib only, you can't have a netstandard executable.
# • To generate executables for multi-platform, there is a learning curve and there are choices. 
# See e.g. https://docs.microsoft.com/en-us/dotnet/core/deploying/ or https://duckduckgo.com/?q=dotnet+generate+cross+platform+executable  

Opinions? What Opinions?

These opinions:

  • Anything bigger than ½ a day's work wants testability, instrumentation and configurability, but we don't want to write all that boilerplate again every. single. time.

  • When run from a commandline, you want help text, an ILoggerFactory, an IConfigurationRoot, and a Settings object ready for for you.

  • Those things should work straight out of the box when you use the template, and then be instantly editable to your own favourite logging, configuration and/or settings solution. “Work straight out of the box” means that you can dotnet run immediately after creating the new project, or can dotnet test immediately after creating a solution with project & test project.

  • The command-line should do some elementary argument parsing and if appropriate show help text and immediately exit.

  • These command-line Concerns should stay out of your way and be ever-so-neatly separated from the Concerns of your component's functionality.

Why is it better than dotnet new console?

Because

  1. It does the boilerplate for you for logging, configuration, and xunit or nunit tests

  2. It cleanly separates the concerns of Your Component from the concerns of being a Self-hosted Command-line Tool, and it does the boilerplate for you for being a command-line tool.

  3. You can easily replace the opinions with your own.

Why is it better than dotnet new classlib?

  1. Who doesn't secretly want their components to be independently usable and testable from the commandline?
    • (If your answer is ‘Me’, then remove <OutputType>Exe</OutputType> from the csproj).

Why is it worse than dotnet new classlib?

  1. It isn't 😃
  2. But if you really just wanted a classlib with logging, configuration and testing, and don't want a command line executable, then remove the <OutputType>Exe</OutputType> line from the csproj file.
  3. Including <OutputType>Exe</OutputType> in the csproj file causes an additional, executable, copy of your dll to be output, but with 100K of command-line launcher added. It seems a fair trade-off especially since it still generates the just-your-component dll too.

Comments

Everything related to Self-hosting is in the SelfHosting/ folder. Your component itself is in the top-level of the namespace. This seems better than the other way round.

I borrowed the opinion from AspNetCore that a Startup class was a good place to configure a Logger, ConfigurationRoot and Settings.

Adding my favourite boilerplate (xunit,nunit,serilog,testbase) as commandline options turned out to be marvellously simple.

Adding your own favourite boilerplate is only a fork & a pull request away. Unless you have you really obscure minority opinions. In that case, it's only a fork and no pull request away.

Any Examples?

https://nuget.org/packages/MailMerge was the somewhat messier forerunner to this template.

What Opinions did you carefully avoid?

You can add your own choice of logging provider and test framework.

What Opinions did you not carefully avoid?

  • Dotnet is great
  • Serilog is great; other logging frameworks are available
  • There's nothing to choose between NUnit & xUnit except taste and 15 years of assertion helpers
  • Tests should express specifications, and WhenXGivenYThenZ is often a helpful format
  • Some NFRs can be unit-tested
  • TestBase fluent assertions are great
  • .NETStandard 2.0

    • No dependencies.

NuGet packages

This package is not used by any NuGet packages.

GitHub repositories

This package is not used by any popular GitHub repositories.

Version Downloads Last updated
6.0.0 316 5/24/2022
5.0.0 168 5/24/2022
1.0.0.1 2,358 7/9/2020

ChangeLog
     ---------
     6.0 Updated targetframework to net60. Added [--net5] option
     5.0 Updated targetframework to net50 and updated optional dependencies (xunit, nunit, serilog, microsoft.extensions) to newest available as at May 2022. Added [--netstandard2] option
     3.1 No changes. Bumped to version 3.1 just so that the version number matches the netcore framework version referenced in the csproj's Framework property.
     1.0 First release supports xunit, nunit, serilog, testbase