AspNetCore.WebApi.Templates 1.1.0

Customizable Razor templates for ASP.NET Core Web API controllers.

Install-Package AspNetCore.WebApi.Templates -Version 1.1.0
dotnet add package AspNetCore.WebApi.Templates --version 1.1.0
<PackageReference Include="AspNetCore.WebApi.Templates" Version="1.1.0" />
For projects that support PackageReference, copy this XML node into the project file to reference the package.
paket add AspNetCore.WebApi.Templates --version 1.1.0
The NuGet Team does not provide support for this client. Please contact its maintainers for support.

ASP.NET Core Web API Controller Templates

Customizable Razor templates for ASP.NET Core Web API controllers

Prerequisites

Install package and add ASP.NET Web API Templates:

  • .NET SDK 2.2 or greater

Use the template to generate Web API controllers:

  • Visual Studio 2017 v 15.9.4 or greater

Run and/or re-create the sample:

  • SQL Server LocalDb
  • SQL Server Management Studio

Installation

To install the templates package open a terminal and run:

  • For the latest stable version:

    dotnet new -i "AspNetCore.WebApi.Templates::*"
    

To uninstall the templates package open a terminal and run:

dotnet new -u "AspNetCore.WebApi.Templates"

Usage

To install templates in an ASP.NET Core Web API project, open a terminal at the project root and run:

dotnet new webapi-templates

A Templates folder will be added containing a ControllerGenerator folder with Razor templates that can be customized to generate Web API controllers.

Important: You must explicitly set the Build Action of each .cshtml file to None in order to build the project.

You can add Web API controllers using these templates either from Visual Studio or the terminal.

Sample Steps

Follow these step to re-create the sample from scratch.

  1. Open SQL Server Management Studio and create a new database named NorthwindSlim.

    • Download the script: <http://bit.ly/northwindslim>
    • Extract and run the script.
  2. Create a new ASP.NET Core Web API project.

    • Remove ValuesController.cs from the Controllers folder.
  3. Add the following NuGet package:

    Microsoft.EntityFrameworkCore.SqlServer
    
  4. Reverse engineer context and entity classes from the NorthwindSlim database.

    > Note: This sample uses a database-first approach, but you can also use a code-first approach by using EF Core code migrations.

    • Run the following command to generate context and entity classes.
    dotnet ef dbcontext scaffold "Data Source=(localdb)\MSSQLLocalDB; Initial Catalog=NorthwindSlim; Integrated Security=True" Microsoft.EntityFrameworkCore.SqlServer -o Models -c NorthwindSlimContext -f
    
    • You can also run an equivalent command from the Package Manager Console within Visual Studio.
    Scaffold-DbContext "Data Source=(localdb)\MSSQLLocalDB; Initial Catalog=NorthwindSlim; Integrated Security=True" Microsoft.EntityFrameworkCore.SqlServer -OutputDir Models -Context NorthwindSlimContext -Force
    
    • If you wish you can remove the OnConfiguringmethod from the generated NorthwindSlimContext class.
  5. Configure the web app to use the NorthwindSlim database.

    • Add a connection string to appsettings.json.
    "ConnectionStrings": {
        "NorthwindSlimContext": "Data Source=(localdb)\\MSSQLLocalDB;initial catalog=NorthwindSlim;Integrated Security=True; MultipleActiveResultSets=True"
    }
    
    • Update the ConfigureServices method in Startup.cs to accommodate cyclical references and register the DbContext class.
    public void ConfigureServices(IServiceCollection services)
    {
        services.AddMvc()
            .SetCompatibilityVersion(CompatibilityVersion.Version_2_2)
            .AddJsonOptions(options =>
                options.SerializerSettings.PreserveReferencesHandling = PreserveReferencesHandling.All);
        var connectionString = Configuration.GetConnectionString(nameof(NorthwindSlimContext));
        services.AddDbContext<NorthwindSlimContext>(options => options.UseSqlServer(connectionString));
    }
    
  6. If you execute dotnet new from a terminal at the project root, you'll see a list of available templates, including ASP.NET Core Web API Templates, which you installed earlier.

    • Add custom templates to the project by running:
    dotnet new webapi-templates
    
    • You will see a Templates folder appear in the project containing a ControllerGenerator folder with razor template files that you can customize.
    • Open the Templates/ControllerGenerator folder and view properties for the first .cshtml file in the list, then set the Build Action of each .cshtml file to None.
  7. Add a Values controler with read/write actions using Visual Studio.

    • Right-click the Controllers folder and select Add Controller.
    • From the dialog select API Controller with read/write actions and name it ValuesController.
      • Press Ctrl+F5 to run the Web API. You should see values JSON displayed in the browser.
      • You can use a REST client such as Postman to submit POST, PUT and DELETE requests.
    GET: http://localhost:53225/api/values
    GET: http://localhost:53225/api/values/5
    POST: http://localhost:53225/api/values
        - JSON Body: "value3"
    PUT: http://localhost:53225/api/values/5
        - JSON Body: "value4" 
    DELETE: http://localhost:53225/api/values/5
    
  8. To add a controller from a terminal without using Visual Studio you can execute the dotnet aspnet-codegenerator controller command.

    • First add the following to the .csproj file (find latest version on nuget.org):
    <ItemGroup>
        <DotNetCliToolReference Include="Microsoft.VisualStudio.Web.CodeGeneration.Tools" Version="2.0.4" />
    </ItemGroup>
    
    • Then execute dotnet restore from the command line.
    • Run dotnet aspnet-codegenerator --help for a list of options.
    • To add a Values controller (-f overwrites previous file):
    dotnet aspnet-codegenerator controller -name Values -api -actions -outDir Controllers -f
    
  9. Add a Products API controller with actions using Entity Framework.

    • You can use Visual Studio to add the controller, selecting Product for the model class and NorthwindSlimContext for the data context class.

    • To generate the Products controller from a terminal run:

    dotnet aspnet-codegenerator controller -name ProductsController -api -m Product -dc NorthwindSlimContext -outDir Controllers -f
    
  10. Use Postman to issue requests to the Products controller.

    GET: http://localhost:53225/api/products
    GET: http://localhost:53225/api/products/1
    
    • Send a POST request.
    POST: http://localhost:53225/api/products
    
    {
        "productName": "Chocolato",
        "categoryId": 1,
        "unitPrice": 23,
        "discontinued": false
    }
    
    • You should receive a 201 response with the following body:
    {
        "$id": "156",
        "productId": 1078,
        "productName": "Chocolato",
        "categoryId": 1,
        "unitPrice": 23,
        "discontinued": false,
        "rowVersion": "AAAAAAAAF3E=",
        "category": null,
        "orderDetail": {
            "$id": "157",
            "$values": []
        }
    }
    
    • Submit a PUT request supplying the new product id, but changing the product name. You shoud receive a response with the udpated product.
    PUT: http://localhost:53225/api/products/1078
    
    {
        "productId": 1078,
        "productName": "Chocolato - Updated",
        "rowVersion": "AAAAAAAAF3E="
    }
    
    • Lastly, submit a DELETE request.
    DELETE: http://localhost:53225/api/products/1078
    
    • Submit a GET request to verify the product has been deleted because the response status code is 404.
    GET: http://localhost:53225/api/products/1078
    

ASP.NET Core Web API Controller Templates

Customizable Razor templates for ASP.NET Core Web API controllers

Prerequisites

Install package and add ASP.NET Web API Templates:

  • .NET SDK 2.2 or greater

Use the template to generate Web API controllers:

  • Visual Studio 2017 v 15.9.4 or greater

Run and/or re-create the sample:

  • SQL Server LocalDb
  • SQL Server Management Studio

Installation

To install the templates package open a terminal and run:

  • For the latest stable version:

    dotnet new -i "AspNetCore.WebApi.Templates::*"
    

To uninstall the templates package open a terminal and run:

dotnet new -u "AspNetCore.WebApi.Templates"

Usage

To install templates in an ASP.NET Core Web API project, open a terminal at the project root and run:

dotnet new webapi-templates

A Templates folder will be added containing a ControllerGenerator folder with Razor templates that can be customized to generate Web API controllers.

Important: You must explicitly set the Build Action of each .cshtml file to None in order to build the project.

You can add Web API controllers using these templates either from Visual Studio or the terminal.

Sample Steps

Follow these step to re-create the sample from scratch.

  1. Open SQL Server Management Studio and create a new database named NorthwindSlim.

    • Download the script: <http://bit.ly/northwindslim>
    • Extract and run the script.
  2. Create a new ASP.NET Core Web API project.

    • Remove ValuesController.cs from the Controllers folder.
  3. Add the following NuGet package:

    Microsoft.EntityFrameworkCore.SqlServer
    
  4. Reverse engineer context and entity classes from the NorthwindSlim database.

    > Note: This sample uses a database-first approach, but you can also use a code-first approach by using EF Core code migrations.

    • Run the following command to generate context and entity classes.
    dotnet ef dbcontext scaffold "Data Source=(localdb)\MSSQLLocalDB; Initial Catalog=NorthwindSlim; Integrated Security=True" Microsoft.EntityFrameworkCore.SqlServer -o Models -c NorthwindSlimContext -f
    
    • You can also run an equivalent command from the Package Manager Console within Visual Studio.
    Scaffold-DbContext "Data Source=(localdb)\MSSQLLocalDB; Initial Catalog=NorthwindSlim; Integrated Security=True" Microsoft.EntityFrameworkCore.SqlServer -OutputDir Models -Context NorthwindSlimContext -Force
    
    • If you wish you can remove the OnConfiguringmethod from the generated NorthwindSlimContext class.
  5. Configure the web app to use the NorthwindSlim database.

    • Add a connection string to appsettings.json.
    "ConnectionStrings": {
        "NorthwindSlimContext": "Data Source=(localdb)\\MSSQLLocalDB;initial catalog=NorthwindSlim;Integrated Security=True; MultipleActiveResultSets=True"
    }
    
    • Update the ConfigureServices method in Startup.cs to accommodate cyclical references and register the DbContext class.
    public void ConfigureServices(IServiceCollection services)
    {
        services.AddMvc()
            .SetCompatibilityVersion(CompatibilityVersion.Version_2_2)
            .AddJsonOptions(options =>
                options.SerializerSettings.PreserveReferencesHandling = PreserveReferencesHandling.All);
        var connectionString = Configuration.GetConnectionString(nameof(NorthwindSlimContext));
        services.AddDbContext<NorthwindSlimContext>(options => options.UseSqlServer(connectionString));
    }
    
  6. If you execute dotnet new from a terminal at the project root, you'll see a list of available templates, including ASP.NET Core Web API Templates, which you installed earlier.

    • Add custom templates to the project by running:
    dotnet new webapi-templates
    
    • You will see a Templates folder appear in the project containing a ControllerGenerator folder with razor template files that you can customize.
    • Open the Templates/ControllerGenerator folder and view properties for the first .cshtml file in the list, then set the Build Action of each .cshtml file to None.
  7. Add a Values controler with read/write actions using Visual Studio.

    • Right-click the Controllers folder and select Add Controller.
    • From the dialog select API Controller with read/write actions and name it ValuesController.
      • Press Ctrl+F5 to run the Web API. You should see values JSON displayed in the browser.
      • You can use a REST client such as Postman to submit POST, PUT and DELETE requests.
    GET: http://localhost:53225/api/values
    GET: http://localhost:53225/api/values/5
    POST: http://localhost:53225/api/values
        - JSON Body: "value3"
    PUT: http://localhost:53225/api/values/5
        - JSON Body: "value4" 
    DELETE: http://localhost:53225/api/values/5
    
  8. To add a controller from a terminal without using Visual Studio you can execute the dotnet aspnet-codegenerator controller command.

    • First add the following to the .csproj file (find latest version on nuget.org):
    <ItemGroup>
        <DotNetCliToolReference Include="Microsoft.VisualStudio.Web.CodeGeneration.Tools" Version="2.0.4" />
    </ItemGroup>
    
    • Then execute dotnet restore from the command line.
    • Run dotnet aspnet-codegenerator --help for a list of options.
    • To add a Values controller (-f overwrites previous file):
    dotnet aspnet-codegenerator controller -name Values -api -actions -outDir Controllers -f
    
  9. Add a Products API controller with actions using Entity Framework.

    • You can use Visual Studio to add the controller, selecting Product for the model class and NorthwindSlimContext for the data context class.

    • To generate the Products controller from a terminal run:

    dotnet aspnet-codegenerator controller -name ProductsController -api -m Product -dc NorthwindSlimContext -outDir Controllers -f
    
  10. Use Postman to issue requests to the Products controller.

    GET: http://localhost:53225/api/products
    GET: http://localhost:53225/api/products/1
    
    • Send a POST request.
    POST: http://localhost:53225/api/products
    
    {
        "productName": "Chocolato",
        "categoryId": 1,
        "unitPrice": 23,
        "discontinued": false
    }
    
    • You should receive a 201 response with the following body:
    {
        "$id": "156",
        "productId": 1078,
        "productName": "Chocolato",
        "categoryId": 1,
        "unitPrice": 23,
        "discontinued": false,
        "rowVersion": "AAAAAAAAF3E=",
        "category": null,
        "orderDetail": {
            "$id": "157",
            "$values": []
        }
    }
    
    • Submit a PUT request supplying the new product id, but changing the product name. You shoud receive a response with the udpated product.
    PUT: http://localhost:53225/api/products/1078
    
    {
        "productId": 1078,
        "productName": "Chocolato - Updated",
        "rowVersion": "AAAAAAAAF3E="
    }
    
    • Lastly, submit a DELETE request.
    DELETE: http://localhost:53225/api/products/1078
    
    • Submit a GET request to verify the product has been deleted because the response status code is 404.
    GET: http://localhost:53225/api/products/1078
    

Release Notes

See https://github.com/TrackableEntities/AspNetCore.ApiControllers.Templates/releases/tag/v1.1.0

Dependencies

This package has no dependencies.

This package is not used by any popular GitHub repositories.

Version History

Version Downloads Last updated
1.1.0 432 1/12/2019
1.0.0 503 6/21/2018
1.0.0-beta 559 10/30/2017